Fraser fir is a uniformly pyramid-shaped tree which reaches a maximum height of about 80 feet. Strong branches are turned slightly upward which gives the tree a compact appearance. Needles are flattened, dark-green with a medial groove on the upper side and two broad silvery-white bands on the lower surface. On lower branches, leaves are two-ranked (occurring in two opposite rows). On upper twigs, leaves tend to curl upward forming a more “U-shaped” appearance.